A Technique for Improving Con ict Alerting Performance in the context of Runway Incursions

Andrew Sammut, David Zammit-Mangion


An effective solution to the problem of runway incursions is long overdue. To date, an average of a thousand incursions are registered yearly in the United States alone, with similar figures registed in Europe. Installing a system on-board aircraft capable of providing an alert in the case of a runway incursion has the potential of significantly reducing this.
As with any conflict detection and alerting system, the difficulty lies in the fine-tuning of the parameters which define a conflict, in effect resulting in finding the right trade-off between false and missed detections and associated alerts. This is an important consideration in the design of any conflict detection system and is key in the context of runway incursion alerting where aircraft would be travelling at high speed and in close proximity of eachother. This paper addresses this problem by providing an assessement on the effects of false and missed detections in the event of a runway incursion and provides mathematical tools for tuning the conflict detection boundaries.

Full Text:



NTSB. Most Wanted Safety Transportation Safety Improvements. United States National Transportation Safety Board, Washington DC, 2007.

D. Jr. Green. Runway Safety Monitor Algorithm for Runway Incursion Detection and Alerting. Technical Report NASA/CR-2002-211416, Lockheed Martin Corporation, 2002.

R. Cassell, C. Evers, and J. Esche. Safety Benefits of PathProx - A Runway Incursion Alerting System. In The IEEE 22nd Digital Avionics Systems Conference, volume 2, pages 9.B.4–91–10, Oct. 2003.

C. Vernaleken, L. Mihalic, M. Güttler, and U. Klingauf. A Fresh Look at Runway Incursions: Onboard Surface Movement Awareness and Alerting System Based on SVS. In Enhanced and Synthetic Vision, volume 6226, 2006.

European Aviation Safety Agency. Certification Specification for Large Aeroplanes. Airworthiness Code CS-25 Book 1, 2003.

International Civil Aviation Organization. Air Traffic Management. Technical Report DOC4444, 2001.

United States Department of Defence. Global Positioning System Standard Positioning Service Performance Standard. Technical report, Washington DC, 2001.

B. W. Parkinson and J. J. Spilker, editors. Global Positioning System: Theory & Applications (Volume One) (Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics). AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics, 1st edition, January 1996.

C. Gong. Kinematic Airport Surface Trajectory Model Development. In The 9th AIAA Aviation, Integration and Operations Conference, 2009.

Agenzia Nazionale Per la Sicurezza del Volo (Italy). Accident Involved Aircraft Boeing MD-87 and Cessna 525-a Milano Linate Airport [Online]. http://www. ansv.it/En/Detail.asp?ID=177, 2004. [Cited October 2012].

Anon. A320 Braking Limits [Online]. http: //www.kls2.com/cgi-bin/arcfetch?db=sci. aeronautics.airliners&id=%3Cairliners.1993. 670@ohare.chicago.com%3E, 1993. [Cited October 2012].

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19249/ams.v91i1-2.103


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2018. All Rights Reserved.